April 19, 2021


Dear Readers,


We are proud to bring you Issue Three of the Twenty-Seventh Volume of the Richmond Journal of Law and Technology. Once again, the Issue is comprised of four articles written on novel topics on the intersection of law and technology.


Our first article is written by Alexandra K. Kim. A graduate of the Northeastern University School of Law, Ms. Kim currently works as a Patent Litigation Associate at Wolf, Greenfield & Sacks, P.C. in Boston, Massachusetts. Ms. Kim’s article delves into the different standards of patent-agent privilege and advocates for equating such privilege to attorney-client privilege in all venues.


Our second article is co-authored by Jacqueline Goodrum and William J. Goodrum, Jr. Jacqueline Goodrum graduated from Vermont Law School, where her studies focused on environmental law. After multiple years of service as a law clerk in private practice, Ms. Goodrum now volunteers with Wild Virginia, an environmental advocacy organization, and serves on the City of Charlottesville’s Water Resources Protection Program Advisory Council. With a Ph.D. in Engineering from Cambridge University, Dr. William Goodrum, Jr., currently serves as the Director of Research and Development for Elder Research in Charlottesville, Virginia. At Elder Research, Dr. Goodrum is building a corporate Research and Development function by producing innovative artificial intelligence and machine learning systems. Ms. Goodrum and Dr. Goodrum’s article argues for regulating data scientists as fiduciaries and illustrates how this model would address legal and ethical issues that data scientists face in current practice.


Our third article is written by JOLT’s very own Kyle Durch. Kyle is a second-year law student at the University of Richmond School of Law. Kyle’s article focuses on electric aircraft certification in the United States and takes the position that aviation regulators must prospectively incorporate data and processes to enable certification of this new generation of aircraft. Kyle’s article is especially germane to his experiences prior to law school, as Kyle served for over a decade as a Major in the United States Air Force where he worked as a Pilot and a Flight Safety Officer. JOLT’s members are proud of Kyle’s academic work, excited that he will serve in an Editorial role for next year’s Board, and especially grateful for his service to the United States.


Our fourth and final article in Issue Three is written by Dhruva Krishna. Mr. Krishna is a third-year student at the UCLA School of Law. Mr. Krishna’s article outlines the current gap in effective policy addressing malicious deepfakes and sets forth a novel tripartite proposal to better address malicious deepfake harm while protecting technological innovation and expression.


On behalf of Volume XXVII of JOLT, I would like to extend our sincerest gratitude to our authors for their contributions to Issue 3. I would also like to thank the JOLT staff and Editorial Board for their tremendous hard work and dedication through this difficult year.




Patrick Macher

Editor-in-Chief, Volume XXVII

Let’s All Get on the Same Page:  Equating Patent-Agent Privilege to Attorney-Client Privilege

By Alexandra K. Kim

Beyond the Three Laws: An Argument for Regulating Data Scientists as Fiduciaries

By William Goodrum & Jacqueline Goodrum

Electric Airplanes: Bridging the Technological and Regulatory Gap

By Kyle Durch

Deepfakes, Online Platforms, and a Novel Proposal for Transparency, Collaboration, and Education

By Dhruva Krishna